Wednesday, April 3, 2019

Research on Art Therapy Treatment for Schizophrenia

Research on machination Therapy Treatment for SchizophreniaCHAPTER I cordial hospitalSchizophrenia is a common psychiatrical disorder. One to champion order five percent of the total population suffers from schizophrenic psychosis. The severity of the symptoms and chronic patterns of schizophrenic psychosis often scrams a high degree of disability. most of those touch by schizophrenic disorder respond to drug therapy and many be able to range productive and fulfilling lives.Studies have shown that genetics, neurobiology, surroundal, psychological and social factors ar key tributary factors of schizophrenia. Some of the recreational activities and medications might cause or worsen symptoms. Researchers in the psychiatric field are now focused on the voice of neurobiology, but no single organic cause has been found. Genetic causes could set a person at higher risk for developing schizophrenia and stressful spiritedness events could trigger onset of the symptoms. (Sa hebarao mahadik, 2008)Schizophrenia is characterized a conformation of distinctive and predictable symptoms. The symptoms that are not commonly yoked with the disease are called affirmatory symptoms and nix symptoms. These symptoms allow lead to isolation in the patients. Most of them have no insight in to their illness. So they need efficient discourse.Complete cure is difficult in case of schizophrenia. So hinderance measures and early detection chamberpot be focused. The treatment success rate with antipsychotic medications and psychosocial therapies can be high. Early diagnosis intervention in psychosis including promotion of early help-seeking behavior give promote better knocked out(p) come in schizophrenia. The main preventive measures for schizophrenia are lessen the maternal stress during pregnancy, avoiding x-ray exposure during pregnancy and lowering the aim of stress for child while growing up. (Yung AR, 2009).A combination treatment of anti psychotic medica tion and therapies such as fanciful prowessistry therapy can be used in schizophrenia. One in tetrad people with the illness completely cure within five years. psychological therapies are the important pathway to treatment. For most patients, symptoms can be fall and well being can be increased. fanciful cunning Therapy is pgraphicsicularly effective in schizophrenic patients. Art therapies combine the use of prowessifice materials with psychotherapeutic techniques that aim to encour shape up self- expression and promote self-awareness. They appear to be popular with patients and may result in improved mental wellness especially lessenings in negative and general symptoms of schizophrenia. Which are those least reactive to pharmacological interventions. (Mike j Crawford, 2008).NEED FOR THE STUDYThe schizophrenia patients have disturbances in thought and cognitive impairment and one of the most disabling and emotionally devastating illness known to man. Schizophrenia affec ts up to one in a hundred people at some point and can cause hallucinations, delusions, loss of pushing and motivation. fictive psychological interventions such as fictive Art Therapy are widely used in combination with drugs.In world wide 1 to 1.5% population were suffering with schizophrenia. It is often a chronically disabling condition therefore this condition is highly liable for the populations morbidity. The incidence rate of schizophrenia is 12-60 in ten thousand per year as of 2011, its peak age of onset for men and women are 20-25 and 25-30 respectively. Schizophrenia occurs in all societies regardless of class, colour, religion and culture. (Dr.Robin Murray, 2009).Schizophrenia ranks among the fade 3 causes of disability in developed countries ecumenical. The main leading cause of mental disability is schizophrenia. The prevalence rate for schizophrenia is 1.1% of the population. It means at any one time 51 million people worldwide suffer from schizophrenia, includ ing 6-12 million people in China, 4.3-8.7 million people in India, 2.2 million people in USA, 285,000 people in Australia, 280,000 people in Canada, 250,000 diagnosed cases in Britan.Rates of schizophrenia are generally similar from commonwealth to country slightly 0.5 to 1% of the population. Another way to express the prevalence of schizophrenia at any given time is the number of individuals affected per meter total population. In india,prevalence rate of schizophrenia is 7 per 1000 population. The number of people who will be diagnosed as schizophrenia in a year is about one in 4000. So about 1.5 million people will be diagnosed with schizophrenia in one year, worldwide.(WHO,2012). STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMA study to judge the strength of Creative Art Therapy on positive and negative symptoms among schizophrenic patients in selected psychiatric hospital, Coimbatore.OBJECTIVESTo assess the positive and negative symptoms in experimental and control convocation.To assess the ef fectiveness of Creative Art Therapy in experimental group.To compare the effectiveness of Creative Art Therapy between experimental group and control group.To associate the findings with selected demographic and clinical variables. OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONSEffectivenessIt refers to the outcome of creative machination therapy in terms of reducing the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia.Creative art therapyCreative art therapy is a form of expressive Psychotherapy that uses art materials which encourages self-expression of patients in the presence of therapist. insane patientsPatient who are in the age group between 20-50 years, suffering from schizophrenia with interference of thinking, emotion and cognizance in their day today life.Positive and negative symptomsPositive symptoms of schizophrenia are hallucination, delusion, excitement, aggressive behavior and suicidal tendencies.Negative symptoms of schizophrenia are anhedonia, avolition, blunting affect and alogia.ASSUM PTIONSSchizophrenic patients may face difficulties with positive and negative symptoms.Schizophrenic patients may not be aware of Creative Art Therapy.Creative Art Therapy will be helpful in reducing positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenic patients.HYPOTHESIS H1 schizophrenia patients who receive Creative Art herapy will show a significant reduction in positive symptoms than the patients who do not receive it. H2 schizophrenia patients who receive Creative Art Therapy will show a significant reduction in negative symptoms than the patients who do not receive it.LIMITATIONSThe study is limited to,Schizophrenic patients admitted in kongunadu Mananala Arakattalai.Methodological limitations such as small sample size and goal-directed sampling technique.Schizophrenic patients in the age of 20-50 years. PROJECTED OUTCOMESThe study will help the patients to gain a positive attitude towards creative art therapy.The study would enhance the patients to actively involve in the activiti es.The study will help the patients to reduce the positive and negative symptoms and enhance the healthy life patterns.CONCEPTUAL FRAME WORKThe concept is a thought, idea or mental image spewd in mind on result to learning something new. A frame work is a basic bodily structure supporting anything. Conceptual frame work deals with abstraction which is assembled by spirit of their relevance to a common theme. (Christenson j Paula, 2002).A conceptual frame work is global ideas about the concept in relation to a specific discipline. Conceptual modes are made up of concepts which describe the mental image of phenomena and integrate them in to a meaningful configuration. It is a opthalmic diagram by which the research explains the specific area of interest. One of the important purposes of conceptual frame work is to communicate clearly the relationship of respective(a) concepts. (Kerlinger K N, 2002).In this study the researcher adopted modified j w Kennys open system model (1991) as a basis for conceptual frame work. according to j w Kenny ,all spirit systems are open and their in continuous exchange of matter,energy and tuition,which result in various degree of interaction with the environment from which the system receives input and gives spine output in the form of matter,energy and information. System model consists of three phases ie,input through with(predicate)put and output.stimulationBased on j w Kenny input can be matter energy and information from the environment. In the reach study, environment refers to hospital and input refers to positive and negative symptoms in experimental and control group of patients by using PANSS and collection of demographic information and clinical data from both the group.ThroughputAccording to the theorist, the matter, energy and information is continuously processed through the system, which is also called complex, transformations known as throughput. Process is the use of input i.e. energy and information f or the maintenance of homeostasis of the system in the present study. Process includes the providing creative art therapy to experimental group and no intervention to the control group. wideningJ.W.Kenny noted after processing the input, the system returns to the output (matter, energy and information) to the environment in an altered state. Change is a feature of the process that is patent and measurable as output, which should be different from that which is entered in to the system. In the present study, output is difference in the positive and negative symptoms.FeedbackAccording to the theorist, information of environmental responses to the system, output is utilized by the system in adjustment, subject area and accommodation to the interaction with the environment. The effectiveness of Creative Art Therapy on reduction of positive and negative symptoms is considered as the difference observed and expected.1

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