Thursday, April 11, 2019
Analysis around Freuds view of the human mind Essay Example for Free
Analysis around Freuds control of the human disposition EssayThis essay aims to discuss the key ideas behind Freuds theories, including his model of the mind, psychosexual educatement, repression and regain through and through therapeutic techniques. Sigman Freud (1856 to 1939) was an Austrian physician, with an interest in the workings of the subconscious mind. Freud spent his life exhausting to produce coherent a set of theories to explain all human behavioural, but never achieved his finishing of one grand theory, (Benson, 1999, P48).According to Freud, the mind has three levels of consciousness. The conscious equates to 1/7th of the mind, being the consciousness we have when awake. The pre-conscious, is a boundary containing memories of dreams, and causing slips of the tongue. Finally, the unconscious. Making up 6/7ths of the mind and containing intellections completely unnoticeable and unavailable to us, (Benson, 1999, P47).Freuds model divides the mind in to three parts the Id, Ego and tops(predicate) self. He believed that the first to develop was the Id, operating on the pleasure principle, in the unconscious mind. The Id is the dark, inaccessible part of our nature, (Freud, 1933 p27). It drives a baby to try on pleasure, like drink food warmth and comfort and quash the unpleasureable, like hunger, being wet and unheated The Id is selfish and not concerned with social rules, but only with self gratification, (Cardwell et al, 1997 p549). The Id is made of two components. Benson (1999, P51) describes the first, Libido, as the inborn energy we have that motivates us to survive. The second component, Freud named Thanatos, and described as the death instinct, expressed through aggression towards self and others. Cardwell et al (1997) explain that the Ids discharge of energy and excitation without regard for consequence is cognise as primary process thinking.At around two years old the human mind recognises the need to be realistic and pla n for the future, rather than surviving on primary instinct. Thus the ego develops. Operating on the reality principle, it battles the Id for control of behaviour. Unlike the Id, the Ego has a partly conscious, secondary thought process. The ego is still, however, essentially selfish, i.e. protecting the individual from harm, (Benson, 1999, p51).At around 3, we start to absorb influence from our parents and the Super Ego begins to develop. The Super Ego expands from our learned morals and the conventions of society. Super means above looking ingest and monitoring the Id-Ego Battle, (Benson, 1999, P52). Like the Ego, the Super Ego is partly conscious however it is not selfish and considers others too. As it develops it departs our social conscience and guides us towards sociably acceptable behaviour. (Cardwell et al, 1997, p549).Freud was responsible for modern societys understanding of the effects childishness experiences can have on adult personalities. He split the childhood i nto five stages of psychosexual development.During the first, the oral examination stage from 0 to 2 years, the only drive present is the Id. Focused on survival, the Id drives the baby to play by suckling. Thus the mouth becomes the main source of pleasure. Benson (1999, p52) states that through oral satisfaction the baby develops imprecate and an optimistic personality.From 2 to 3 years, the child becomes aware of its bowels and how to control them. Here begins the Anal Stage, as the focalize of gratification shifts to the anus aiding with potty training, a vital step to independence and survival, (Benson, 1999, P54). However, withholding elimination goes against the Ids nature of random discharge without regard for consequence. This results in the requirement for an ego to develop, and as such has important implications in the personality later in life, (Cardwell et al, p550, 1997).The phallic stage, from 3 to 5 years, starts when children become aware of sexual differences a nd become unique about their own genitals. Benson (1999) explains that boys will develop differently to girls from here on. Boys will develop Oedipus Complex and unconsciously experienced a sequence of sub stages. Firstly he will develop a loaded desire for his engender. Then, after noticing the strong (sexual) bond between her and his father, he will become deeply desirous of his father and hate him.The boys fear of his father uncovering these thoughts instils a fear of the ultimate punishment, castration. The boy resolves that to avoid castration by pleasing his farther, and at the same time impress his mother, he must become like his father. This is called identification. Girls, having unconsciously concluded that they have already been castrated, do not develop the same fears. Though, since their mother is the same, girls also end up identifying, i.e. adopting their mothers morality and gender roles. This was always rather vague and known as the Electra Complex (Benson, 1999 , p56).