Thursday, March 14, 2019

Policing History Essay

During the late 1700s and early 1800s, a breakdown in amicable soften led to disorder, crime, riots, and normal health issues in England. The 1780 Gordon riots brought a 50-year wall on how to provide better public safety. One man contend to improve legality enforcement was the home secretary, Sir Robert denudate. In 1822, shins first gear task as home secretary was to meet the demands of fantan for a reform of the criminal faithfulnesss. During this time of rising crime statistics, Peel was win everywhere that legal reform should be accompanied with improved methods of crime saloon (Gash, 2012). It was non until Peel returned to the home office in 1828 with the Wellington political science that he began working toward the creation of an adequate jurisprudence force. In 1829, trim introduced a bill that was to improve the police in and around the city (Lyman, 1964). Fearing the introduction of a military-style force, Peels ideas were initially resisted.Eventually Par liament passed the bill as the metropolitan police exercise and provided funds to founder a force of 1000 officers (Grant & Terry, 2012). The Metropolitan Police were varied from all previous law enforcement. The officers were direct employees of the state and organized like the military. They were area to clear chains of command and rules of conduct. Officers were to wear uniforms and carry badges with their identification chip inscribed upon it (Grant & Terry, 2012). Peel believed it was important for the new police to win public acceptance. The moral character of the police had to be above suspicion (Lyman, 1964). umpteen officers were dismissed for non-appearance and drunkenness within the first few days (Metropolitan Police, 2012). Peel believed that keep onion of crime could be accomplished without intruding into the lives of citizens. The principles supporting Peels theory on policing are as relevant straight off as they were in the 1800s.Faced with similar elements of social disorder, American leaders borrowed few of the fundamental tenets of the London police. The American forces were to model the London police with preventive patrol to be the major facet. The structure of political control of the police was very different. London residents had no direct control over their police and American citizens exercised direct control over politics agencies. sort of of being disciplined and separate from the political machine, American police were serving the interests of the politically powerful. There were close ties between the police and public officials (University of Phoenix, 2011). government influenced every aspect of American policing, and is why the period from the 1830s to 1900 is called the political era. Officers were selected by their political connections.There were men with no education, in bad health, and some with criminal records hired. The officers were handed a badge, a baton, and sent out on patrol certificate of indebtedn ess with little or no training. Officers had no undertaking security and when an election was lost, an entire force would be replaced by the attractive party (Williams, 2003). Many reports indicate that many police officers drank on duty and used excessive physical force. Citizens became disrespectful and often fought back when arrested (Walker & Katz, 2011). In response to increasing citizen violence, officers began to carry firearms. Police corruption was rampant. The police took payoffs for non enforcing laws on drinking, gambling, and prostitution. Officers paid bribes to get promotions but the promotion allowed greater opportunities of corruption.The saucy York com relegatinger, forced to resign in 1894, admitted he had a personal possibility of over $350,000 (Walker & Katz, 2011). In the early 1900s came the reform era where emphasis was repose on solving traditional crimes and capturing offenders. The citizens calling for reform and removal of administration from polic ing brought the development of police professionalism and the professional organization of Fraternal Order of Police (University of Phoenix, 2011). In the 1970s, police departments realized that effective community partnerships help prevent and solve crimes. Known as the community era, police departments work to invest and serve the needs of their communities (University of Phoenix, 2011). Today there are many different law enforcement agencies in the United States.Policing organizations today have different roles and functions at the federal, local, and state level. The government plays a major role in assisting policing throughout the United States. The first federal agency established by the U.S. government was the U.S. Marshall Service. Since then there have been eight government departments with 21 agencies created that deal with issues of law enforcement (Grant & Terry, 2012). The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Department of judge (DOJ) are the two most import ant federal departments involved with law enforcement. Each government agency provides policing organizations throughout the United States with assistance.When different organizations break down within overlapping areas, they can duplicate information. The two organizations may not readily share information or one holds the information creates gene linkage blindness. Since September 2011, the government restructured many agencies so that coordinating intelligence and law enforcement resources effectively. Today, police organizations model the principles established by Sir Robert Peel into their own mission statement.ReferencesColumbia Electronic Encyclopedia. (2011). Sir Robert Peel. Retrieved from http//ebscohost Gash, N. (2012). Peel, Sir Robert, 2nd Baronet. Retrieved from http//ebscohost Grant, H. B., & Terry, K. J. (2012). Law Enforcement in the 21st vitamin C (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ Pearson/Prentice Hall. Lyman, J. L. (1964). The Metropolitan Police flake of 1829 An Analysis of Certain Events Influencing the Passage and Character of the Metropolitan Police Act in England. Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, & Police Science, 55(1), 141-154. Retrieved from http//ebscohost Metropolitan Police. (2012). History of the Metropolitan Police Metropolitan Police 175 years ago. Retrieved from http// University of Phoenix. (2011). CJi Interactive. Retrieved from http// dependable/aapd/UC/CJ/index.html Walker, S., & Katz, C. M. (2011). The Police in America An Introduction (7th ed.). New York, NY McGraw-Hill. Williams, K. L. (2003). Peels Principles and Their Acceptance by American Police Ending 175 geezerhood of Reinvention. Police Journal, 76(2), 97-120. Retrieved from http//ebscohost

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