Saturday, February 16, 2019
Flu Season :: essays research papers
Each year the winter seasons brings with it cold, snow, holidays, and to a thriving few a break from work or school. To many, however, winter brings the dread Influenza virus, a virus which, if left to its own devices, do-nothing bring death, especially to the young, the old, and the infirm. This year winter also brought with it a shortage of the Influenza vaccinum, which was due to a contamination of one manufacturers supply. (Flaherty A02) The resulting decrease in supply caused a dramatic increase in the price motiveed by suppliers (and the price paid by consumers). (Flaherty A02)Flu vaccinum for the United States was produced solely by two foreign manufacturers this year, Aventis Pasteur and Chiron Corp. These two manufacturers transfer their vaccine to U.S. distributors like Stat Pharmaceuticals Inc. of El Cajon, CA and Meds-Stat based in Ft. Lauderdale, FL who give go on to sell to hospitals, pharmacies, and health care clinics (Flaherty A02). On October 5th the Chir on Corp. announced that their entire supply of Flu vaccine destined for U.S. markets was disqualify for use due to a contamination problem at their British manufacturing plant (Flaherty A02). This contamination effectively trim back the U.S. supply of flu vaccine by half (Flaherty A02). Unfortunately for consumers, though profitable to the distributors the drop in supply did not diminish the demand for the vaccine.The step of Flu vaccine demanded in the U.S. was greater than the original supply let alone the reduced supply. The market price for the vaccine was between eight and nine dollars previous to the October annunciation by Chiron, that its vaccine was contaminated, and soon afterwards doubled in price (Flaherty A02). By the eighth of October the vaccine was being offered to pharmacies at prices approaching ninety dollars per-dose a tenfold increase over the original price (Flaherty A02). The demand for the Flu vaccine is shown to be inelastic (the quantity demanded befor e the discovery of contamination was the entire supply (X) and after the announcement was the remaining quantity (X/2), while the price jumped from nine to ninety dollars or Ed = .41). According to the Washington Post the higher prices simply reflected the heightened demand for a scarce item, though this is not the case, demand did not shift at all, only supply shifted. Not all distributors took reinforcement of the supply shift as in the case of Stat Pharmaceuticals, which sold its vaccine for fifteen to thirty dollars per-dose.