Tuesday, February 19, 2019
Articles of Confederation vs. Constitution Essay
The words of federation and the temper each had their own impacts on the United States sparing. It ignore be shown that the drafting of the Constitution reversed the control of economic self-confidence between the content government and the body politics, specifically regarding the laying and levying of taxes. The stipulations of taxation atomic number 18 clarified in the words and the Constitution through hold VIII and Article I, Section 8, respectively. Both statements bring home the bacon for an easy analysis of taxation considering the style of taxation and how it is assessed, who collects the taxes, and the purpose of these duties. An excess observation providedt joint be do regarding the effects of thralldom on the Constitution and how that is reflective of the economic impacts of the archive. With the simile of these aspects, a conclusion send away be made ab come out of the closet the argumentation behind the change of this provision in the Articles.The Ameri can Revolution resulted in a substantial amount of debt for the United States. To finance the War of Independence, recounting had borrowed large contents of notes by selling interest-bearing bonds and paying soldiers and suppliers in notes to be redeemed in the future (Foner, 200). The Continental Congress owed $42 million at the end of the revolution (Lecture 9). The states lacked a secure inception of taxation, so they had to address taxation in their first written constitution, The Articles of Confederation. They utilise this constitution as an initial attempt to apportion taxes to the states.The Articles of Confederation originally addresses taxation in its eighth article. According to this article, the government is levying taxes to each state as a whole, based on the prize of each state. The taxes quiet go forth be used to fund a single calculate to pay the charges of war. This is clarified in the document when Article VIII states that the gross treasury whic h shall be supplied by the several States in proportion to the appreciate of all land within each state. Further more(prenominal), the document states that each additional improvements of buildings and land will be taken into account for the estimation of the value of the respective state. This stipulation permits the assembly of Congress to increase taxes with any proportional increase in the value of the land within a state.The adjoiningparagraph of the article refers to who will be laying and collecting these taxes. It declares that the dues will be laid and levied by the authority and direction of the legislatures of the several States. The important notion to be extracted from the Articles of Confederation is the fact that Congress did not stimulate the designer to levy taxes or regulate commerce by any means. The states retained the ability to adopt their own economic policies. Utilizing this bureau, several states printed sums of money in order for individuals to pay their debts (Foner, 200). In summation, Article VIII of the Articles of Confederation left Congress with very little financial power as well as a lack of a depend suitable etymon of revenue.Due to the need for better regulation of interstate commerce, a assemblage of fifty-five delegates congregated to form the Constitutional Convention, with the objective of drafting an entirely refreshful constitution. The Constitution completely reversed the distribution of authority, transferring numerous economic powers from the states to Congress. This is substantiate in the first clause of Article I, Section 8 of the document in which it affirms that Congress has the power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises. Unlike the Articles of Confederation, which compel taxes based on the value of each state, the first clause of the Constitution announced a uniform collection of duties, imposts, and excises throughout the United States.From this clause, it can be understood that these taxes will now be collected by Congress, in contrast to state legislatures. However, the purpose of the taxation remains legitimate with the first constitution, as they both use the money to pay debts, provide for the common defense, and promote the general welfare of the United States. Additional clauses empowered Congress to regulate interstate and inter study commerce, as well as borrow and coin money. The Constitution also included conditions that barred the states from upshot paper money, levying taxes, and interfering with commerce (Foner, 205). As stated, these provisions stripped the states of the power they retained under the Articles, and bestowed them onto Congress.Moreover, an emphasis can be placed on the issue of slavery, as it had a significant impact on the economy as well. Slavery was not notablyrecognized in the Articles of Confederation, but was implicitly addressed in the Constitution. One prominent acknowledgement of slavery with respect to the economy was the Three-Fifths Compromise. This proclaims that taxes shall be apportioned to States based on the sum of free persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, iii fifths of all other Persons. By counting slaves as property as well as three fifths of a person toward the census, people with more slaves owed more taxes (Lecture 9). Congress also found a source of revenue by allowing importation of slaves, yet taxing those that are taking them in. This is indicated in the Non-Importation Clause, which states that a Tax or Duty may be compel on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person (Article I, Section 9). When writing the Constitution, the national government clearly found shipway to generate revenue from slavery.In addition, slavery had a large sour on the Constitutions impact on the United States economy. Article VIII of the Articles of Confederation may have been drastically altered into Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution for a number of reasons. The transfer of power from the state legislatures to the national government that resulted from this provision change can be proven to be a purely economic decision. Due to the overtake debt from the war, Congress needed a more controllable, secure source of income. Consequently, the delegates at the Constitutional Convention drafted this section to put control back into the national governments hands. With the Articles of Confederation, the states were separate, but equally powerful entities. One can perceive that the national government did not believe the states would be able to succeed with this system in place. The Constitution generated a more unify and collective assembly to work toward common goals.This was made possible by reassigning the economic sovereignty to the national government. In conclusion, the drafting of the Constitution can be simplified to a transfer of economic power to the national government used to generate secure sources of revenue to get out of debt. The Articles of Confederation was merely too passive and vague to create a dependable taxation plan. The Constitution administered a well-defined formulation to allow an easier way for the national government to collect income. Giving Congress a substantially greater extent of economic dominance and the states more limitations, the national government was able to utilize a widespreadamount of resources to carry out taxation. Clearly, the change of Article VIII to Article I, Section 8 spawned an autocratic change of power from the states to the national government.