A little more care must be taken with the limits of integration when dealing with definite intrinsicals. Consider the avocation example. Example hypothesize we wish to find Z 3 1 (9 + x)2 dx We make the reversal u = 9 + x. As before, du = du dxdx and so with u = 9 + x and du dx = 1 It follows that du = du dxdx = dx The unquestioning in(p) becomes Z x=3 x=1 u2 du where we be in possession of explicitly written the varying in the limits of integration to accentuate that those limits were on the variable x and not u. We can spell out these as limits on u using the substitution u = 9 + x. Clearly, when x = 1, u = 10, and when x = 3, u = 12.
So we require Z u=12 u=10 u2 du = 1 3 u312 10 = 1 3 123 ? 103 = 728 3 Note that in this example there is no sine qua non to convert the answer given in damage of u back into one in terms of x because we had already converted the limits on x into limits on u. Exercises 1. 1. In to distributively one case use a substitution to find the inviolate: (a) Z (x ? 2)3dx (b) Z 1 0 (x + 5)4dx (c) Z (2x ? 1)7dx (d) Z 1 ?1 (1 ? x)3dx. 2. In each case use a substitution to find the integral: (a) Z sin(7x ? 3)dx (b) Z e3x?2dx (c) Z /2 0 cos(1 ? x)dx (d) Z 1 7x + 5 dx. 5 c mathcentreIf you want to beat up a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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